Dr. Leonidas Petrakis CV

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L. PETRAKIS, Ph.D.

Brookhaven National Laboratory (Retired) Home: 104 Starview Court
Upton, NY 11973-5000 Oakland, CA 94618
Tel 631-344-8000 510-548-5532
lepetrakis@earthlink.net

C a r e e r S u m m a r y

Scientific research and technology, R&D administration, and teaching on the university level. Outstanding leadership qualities and a proven record of accomplishments spanning almost four decades and diverse, complex organizational situations in the university-government-industry milieu. Unusually broad background in energy science and technology, environmental and health effects, technology transfer, materials, science policy and education. Particular strengths include:

leading and managing complex, multidisciplinary efforts with special emphasis on excellence of achievement –with outstanding record of peer-reviewed publications- and staff empowerment

R&D strategic planning and project analysis for highly-effective, focused portfolio built on clearly articulated mission and vision

outstanding record of fiscal management; contract negotiations

consensus building, staff motivation, and conflict resolution

dedication, enthusiasm, cooperation, and effective communications

EDUCATION

Ph.D.University of California, Berkeley 1961
(College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering)

(Thesis work: (a) the phenomenology of the “through-space coupling” of spin-spin interactions in high resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy; (b) effects of vibrational levels on the Lamb shielding constant. Additional research in nuclear scattering, Lawrence Laboratory. Teaching assistant in Prof. B. Mahan’s Honors Chemistry Course.)

B.S.Northeastern University, Boston, MA 1958
(High Honors, Chemistry, through the University’s 5-year Co-operative Program, while working at the Cabot Corporation pilot plant phase for commercialization of CAB-O-SIL.)

Post-Doctorate Research Fellow, National Research Council of Canada. 1961-62
(Research on molecular interactions of gases).

Accelerated management courses and workshops,
including Industrial Research Institute at Harvard Business School.

Post-Ph.D., various advanced science courses.

 Secondary Education, Brookline, MA, and New Ionia, Athens, Greece.

 Strong career-long interest in Education and Teaching at all levels. (Featured articles in J. Chemical Education; Member, Executive Committee, Pittsburgh Regional Center for Science Teachers; Speaker, American Chemical Society Student Affiliate Chapters.)

CAREER HIGHLIGHTS

Visiting Scholar University of California, Berkeley 1999 – 2000
Senior Scientist Brookhaven National Laboratory 1989 – 1999
Department of Applied Science

Principal Investigator of a Brookhaven National Laboratory Team that under Department of Energy sponsorship developed jointly with W R Grace & Co after a 4-year, $15 million effort a commercial process for the in situ abatement of asbestos fireproofing. The process will cut the cost by 75% from current practices in this $100 billion national problem. Several scientific publications and patents resulted also from the project.

Chairman & Brookhaven National Laboratory 1989 -1994
Senior Scientist Department of Applied Science

Scientific leadership and administrative responsibility for a multi-program department with a staff of over 150 PhD’s, annual operating budget of over $28MM, and a broad research portfolio in energy science and technology transfer. Strategic planning and implementation, fiscal matters and human resources, and Department’s spokesman with Congress, the funding agencies, and the public. Successful multimillion dollar contract negotiations.

Visiting and Adjunct Professorships 1972 – 1995

Research, graduate teaching, advising graduate students and postdoctorate fellows. University of Athens (1997); University of Paris, France (1995, 1991, 1985); University of Pittsburgh (1981-1985); University of Delaware (1983-1985); Carnegie-Mellon University (1972).

DirectorInstitute of Physical Chemistry (Athens, Greece) 1989
DEMOKRITOS National Research Center for Physical Sciences

Scientific leadership and administrative responsibility for multi-
million dollar basic research facility.

Fellow/Senior Scientist and other line and staff positions: 1965 – 1989
Gulf Oil/Chevron Corporation

Research, research management, “technology gate-keeping” with universities, strategic R&D planning, corporate consulting. All aspects of fossil energy.

Research Scientist, Dupont Corporation 1963 – 1965

Research, Polymers.

Assistant Professor, University of Maryland 1962 – 1963

Teaching, Research into dynamics of plastic crystals.

Postdoctorate Fellow, National Research Council (Canada) 1961 – 1962

Research, Molecular Interactions.

SELECTED ACCOMPLISHMENTS

Successful scientific leadership and administration of a complex, multidisciplinary, $28MM annual-operating-budget department (one of the eight scientific departments of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) ) that in five years:

◻ The Department was radically restructured and positioned with clearly articulated mission, vision and strategic plan to take advantage of the changes in the national R&D scene

increased its budget by ~25% while decreasing its overhead

 changed significantly its demographics by more than doubling the number of postdoctoral fellows, increasing the number of visiting scientists, eliminating one level of senior management and tripling the rate of turnover, for renewal purposes, and reducing by ~35% the overhead staff (Note: BNL offers tenure)

 expanded greatly the industrial involvement of the Department

 pursued vigorously recruiting and promotion of women and minorities, and established an outstanding record in safety

 made significant strides in its pressing space problem with consolidations, upgrades, and new building construction program began in FY95 and completed ion 1997

◻ improved communications by widespread introduction of fax, e-mail, and fiber optics starting in 1989

•Principal Investigator of $15-million dollar, 4-year project that resulted in a commercial process of new in-situ asbestos abatement process that reduces by 75% cost of nearly $100 billion asbestos problem in the U.S. Multi-faceted efforts have include fundamental studies at the Brookhaven National Synchrotron Light Source, patents, scientific publications and presentations, contract negotiations, permits from regulatory agencies, scale-up and commercialization plans, marketing and large scale demonstrations.

•Record of successful research collaborations involving universities, government laboratories and industries (Department of Energy, National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Defense, industrial funding).

•Chaired a Committee at Gulf R&D Co. that restructured the Company’s long-range exploratory research budget of ~$20MM/year.

•Author/Editor of six books, over 150 scientific papers, educational and commentary — at the invitation of the Editor — in Harvard Business Review, lectured extensively in international fora (Royal Society of London, Japan, etc.), organized/directed NATO/NSF Advanced Study Institutes and served in several positions of leadership in professional societies (American Chemical Society)

•Established and co-directed a widely-recognized research program under NSF’s industry-university program

( SELECTED ACCOMPLISHMENTS, Continued… )

•BNL’s representative in the Organizing Group that established, under Walter Kissinger’s chairmanship, the Long Island Research Institute (LIRI) for commercializing the scientific discoveries of LIRI’s founding institutions (BNL, State University of New York at Stony Brook, and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory)

•Has organized, directed, managed, or been involved in a series of undertakings for use of scientific/technological developments in pressing societal problems:

multi-university and industry R&D effort for synthetic fuels

American Physical Society study for Research Opportunities for Physicists in Coal Science”

1993 Conference on “Recycling Technologies and Market Opportunities” with Congressman G. Hochbrueckner.

•Fundamental studies relating to the pre-heater/reactor problem of the proposed Department of Energy multi-billion dollar demonstration plant on coal liquefaction. Kinetics and mechanism of free radicals in coal depolymerization with unique high pressure/high temperature Electron Spin Resonance cavity. (Gulf R&D Co.).

•Member, Technical Advisory Board overseeing large-scale Department of Energy sponsored multi-company engineering demonstration field project to test in-situ gasification of steeply dipping underground coal beds. (Gulf R&D Co.).

PROFESSIONAL and CIVIC

• Who’s Who in America; American Men and Women in Science; American Chemical Society; Materials Research Society; Sigma Xi Research Honor Society; American Association for the Advancement of Science.

▪ Civilian and Industrial Technologies Committee/National Science & Technology Council; Science & Business Advisory Board of Long Island Research Institute; Advisory Board of Barnett Institute of Northeastern University; Environment and Energy Committee of the Long Island Association; Advisor, Women’s Housing and Economic Development Corporation; Council for Chemical Research; Visiting Committee for Evaluation of Research Institutes in Greece, Greek Ministry of Commerce, Energy & Technology; Bodossaki Foundation Prize in Chemistry, member Selection Committee; Member, Search Committee for Dean of College of Engineering, SUNY; Panel of Scientific Advisors, EDGE Analytical, Inc.; Lectures on Greek Poetry (University of Pittsburgh, PA) and volunteer consultant at University of California, Berkeley, and University of Pittsburgh Libraries, on their Modern Greek collections. Published historical novel on growing-up in Nazi-occupied Europe.

▪ University of California, Berkeley, Department of Classics, volunteer work in the Tebtunis Papyri Center, and The Nemea excavation project and Nemea Games.

PERSONAL

– Born in Sparta, Greece, grew-up in Athens and Boston, MA.
– Married to Lina Petrakis of Boston, MA, a very successful primary school teacher and a volunteer worker on Long Island (SUNY University Hospital Auxiliary, Literacy Volunteers of America teaching English to immigrants and non-reader adults); and Alta Bates Hospital, Berkeley, CA;
– Two adult children: Ismene L. Petrakis, Associate Professor at Yale Medical School, and Alexis L. Petrakis, Principal, Teleon Communications, Berkeley, CA
– Fluent in Greek, passable French and fallow Latin and German.
– Excellent Health.

What Others Say

“…You have done a simply magnificent job in leading the DAS since assuming the Chair. The 1994 Annual Report of the Department speaks to quality work and growth in a climate not conducive to support of science. The balance of Department research and activities is very impressive and, as we all know, these developments are not the results of random events. For what it is worth, I congratulate you. The conditions when you took charge remain vivid memories. They were grim. You spearheaded the turn around. Problems remain, but the climate has altered.”
Professor Morton Corn, Associated Universities Inc. Trustee, 1994

________________________________________

“…The Committee* is delighted to observe a continuing improvement in the management of the Department of Applied Science. This improvement can be seen through several striking statistics. The number of Divisions and Groups has been reduced from 15 to 8. The number of non-scientific personnel has decreased by 30%. The number of post docs has increased by 50%. Funding is up 30%. Turnover has been used to reduce the number of long-term commitments (tenured and continuing staff), thereby gaining flexibility for the future. A clear mission statement has been articulated which emphasizes both the importance of core technical and scientific research and capabilities and the need to transfer knowledge and useful results to the scientific community and to the industrial and commercial sectors.
The Department Chairman, Leon Petrakis, is to be congratulated in his role in achieving these results.”

*Associated Universities, Inc., Visiting Committee for the Department of Applied Science (1993); R. Balluffi, MIT; R.T. Barber, Duke University; David Barmby, Sun Company; R.A. Bell, Consolidated Edison; M. Boudart, Stanford University; R. Cicerone, University of California, Irvine; J. G. Glimm, Stony Brook; N. S. Lewis, California Institute of Technology; P.J. Torpey, Exec. Director, Empire State Electric Energy Research Corp.
________________________________________

On receiving the 1984 Pittsburgh Award (jointly with G.L. Carlson) of the America Chemical Society:
“The distinguished record of achievement — scientific, professional, and civic — that each of you has established underscores of wisdom of your Pittsburgh Section colleagues in selecting you to share the 1984 Pittsburgh Award. You have clearly rendered outstanding service to the advancement of chemistry in the Pittsburgh area, and in so doing have reflected favorably upon chemistry and chemists everywhere. Please accept my heartfelt congratulations for having earned this signal honor, and my warmest wishes for your continuing success.”
Warren D. Niederhauser
President, American Chemical Society

 

BOOKS AUTHORED/EDITED

Petroleum in the Marine Environment. L. Petrakis and F. Weiss, Editors, American Chemical Society, Advances in Chemistry Series, Vol. 185, Washington, D.C., 1980, 301 pages.

Physics and Chemistry of Coal Utilization. B.R. Cooper and L. Petrakis, Editors, American Physical Society Symposium Series, New York, 1981, 475 pages.

To Nefos Mas. (“Our Cloud: Air Pollution in the Athens Basin) Gutenburg, Athens, 1982, 98 pages.

Free Radicals in Coals and Synthetic Fuels, L. Petrakis and D.W. Grandy, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1983, 275 pages.

Magnetic Resonance: Introduction, Advanced Topics and Application to Fossil Energy. L. Petrakis and J.P. Fraissard, Editors, D. Reidel, Dordrecht (Holland), 1984, 807 pages.

NMR for Liquid Fossil Fuels. L. Petrakis and D.T. Allen, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1987, 240 pages.

Surface Acidity and Basicity: Theory, Assessment and Utility. J. Fraissard and L. Petrakis, Editors, Proc. NATO Advanced Study InstituteHeld in La Colle sur Loup (Nice), France, June 1993, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands (1994), 513 pages.

Tote Pou To Hioni Epese (A historical novel –a young person’s testimony about growing-up in Nazi-occupied Europe), New York, 1997, 157 pages

“Greek Myths”, 2001, 102p.

“Mists of Memories: My Twentieth Century”, 2007, 212 p.

A-16

PUBLICATIONS LIST

Petrakis, L. and Sederholm, C.H. NMR fluorine-fluorine coupling constants in saturated organic compounds. J. Chem. Phys. 35, 1243-1248 (1961).

Petrakis, L. and Sederholm, C.H. Temperature-dependent chemical shifts in the NMR spectra of gases. J. Chem. Phys. 35, 1174-1178 (1961).

Petrakis, L. Nuclear magnetic resonance studies. I. Proton temperature-dependent chemical shifts. II. 19F spin-spin couplings. Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, Publication UCRL 9733, 1961.

Petrakis, L. Lattice energy and stability of chromium monohalides. J. Phys. Chem. 66, 433 (1962).

Petrakis, L. On 19F coupling. J. Chem. Phys. 36, 1087 (1962).

Petrakis, L. and Bernstein, H.J. Medium effects in NMR proton resonance of gaseous CHF3. J. Chem. Phys. 37, 2731-2732 (1962).

Petrakis, L. and Bernstein, H.J. Medium effects in NMR 19F resonance of certain gaseous systems. J. Chem. Phys. 38, 1562 (1963).

Petrakis, L. and Rao, A. Rotational transition and self-diffusion in polycrystalline succinonitrile. J. Chem. Phys. 39, 1633-1635 (1963).

Petrakis, L. Spectral line shapes: Gaussian and Lorentzian functions in magnetic resonance. J. Chem. Education 44, 432-436 (1967).

Giardino, D.A. and Petrakis, L. High temperature electron spin resonance probe. Review Sci. Instr. 38, 1180-1182 (1967).

Petrakis, L. and Swift, H.E. Aluminum-27 nuclear magnetic resonance of trialkylaluminum complexes. J. Phys. Chem. 72, 546-549 (1968).

Saier, E.L., Petrakis, L., Cousins, L.R., Heilman, W.J., and Itzel, J.F. Infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance of maleic anhydride copolymers and their half esters. J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 12, 2191-2200 (1968).

Milazzo, B., Petrakis, L., and Brown, P.M. Microsampling techniques for combined gas chromatography and high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Appl. Spectroscopy 22, 574-575 (1968).

Petrakis, L. Quadrupolar relaxation of aluminum-27 NMR in aluminum alkyls. J. Phys. Chem. 72, 4182-4188 (1968).

Petrakis, L. Group theoretical techniques in the analysis of high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spin multiplets (appeared in Greek). Chimika Chronika 35, 93 (1970).

Lett, R.G., Petrakis, L., Ellis, A.F., and Jensen, R.K. NMR spectral parameters and ring interconversion of a series of piperazines. J. Phys. Chem. 74, 2816-2822 (1970).

Petrakis, L. and Dickson, F.E. Aluminum-27 and proton NMR of organoaluminums. Appl. Spectroscopy Reviews 4, 1-42 (1970).

Dickson, F.E. and Petrakis, L. Infrared evidence for the association of vanadium porphyrins. J. Phys. Chem. 74, 2850-2853 (1970).

Seshadri, K.S. and Petrakis, L. Adsorbed species. I. An electron spin resospin resonance of nitrogen heterocyclics adsorbed on magnesium oxide and silica-alumina. J. Phys. Chem. 74, 1317-1322 (1970).

Seshadri, K.S., Massoth, F.E., and Petrakis, L. Electron spin resonance and microbalance study of sulfided molybdena-alumina catalysts. J. Catalysis 19, 95-100 (1970).

Seshadri, K.S. and Petrakis, L. Electron spin resonance spectra and catalytic activity of molybdenum oxide on various supports. J. Phys. Chem. 74, 4102-4109 (1970).

Petrakis, L. Book review of “Progress in NMR Spectroscopy,” J.W. Emsley, J. Feeney, and L.H. Sutcliffe, Editors., Vol. 5, Pergamon Press, London, 1970. Appl. Spectroscopy 25, 117 (1971).

Petrakis, L. C-13 NMR technique analyzes oil. Nuclear News 14, 51 (1971).

Petrakis, L. Carbon-13 NMR technique seen to aid process design. The Oil and Gas Journal, September 20, 85 (1971).

Clutter, D.R., Petrakis, L., Stenger, R.L., Jensen, R.K., and Lett, R.G. Application of C-13 NMR to the characterization of petroleum fractions I. ACS Petroleum Chemistry Division Preprints 16(3), A97-A109 (1971).

Dickson, F.E., Kunesh, C.J., McGinnis, E.L., and Petrakis, L. Characterization of vanadium IV compounds in petroleum by electron spin resonance. ACS Petroleum Chemistry Division Preprints 16(1), A37-A46 (1971).

Petrakis, L. and Dickson, F.E. Association of Ni-mesoporphyrin IX dimethyl ester — NMR study of the mesoproton chemical shifts. J. Molec. Structure 11, 361-369 (1972).

Jensen, R.K. and Petrakis, L. Characteristic C-13 NMR chemical shifts in organic materials. J. Mag. Resonance 7, 105-106 (1972).

Petrakis, L., Clutter, D.R., and Jensen, R.K. NMR of petroleum fractions. II. 13C and 1H NMR characterization in terms of average molecule parameters. ACS Petroleum Chemistry Division Preprints 17(2), C19-C31 (1972).

Clutter, D.R., Petrakis, L., Stenger, R.L., and Jensen, R.K. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of petroleum fractions. C-13 and proton NMR characterizations in terms of average molecule parameters. Anal. Chem. 44, 1395-1405 (1972).

Dickson, F.E., Kunesh, C.J., McGinnis, E.L., and Petrakis L. Use of ESR to characterize the vanadium-IV sulfur species in petroleum. Anal. Chem. 44, 978-981 (1972).

Seshadri, K.S. and Petrakis, L. Adsorbed species. II. Electron spin resonance study of thianthrene and other sulfur heterocyclics adsorbed on oxide surfaces. J. Phys. Chem. 76, 1443-1448 (1972).

Petrakis, L. Book review of “Molecular Magnetism and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy,” R.J. Myers, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1973. Appl. Spectroscopy 27, 299 (1973).

Isbrandt, L.R., Jensen, R.K., and Petrakis, L. Study of the C-13 NMR chemical shifts in a series of heterocycles related to 9,10-dihydroanthracene. J. Mag. Resonance 12, 143-147 (1973).

Seshadri, K.S. and Petrakis, L. Molybdena-alumina catalysts. The formation of Mo (V) ion in reduced MoO3Al2O3 systems and the determination of its absolute concentration by ESR techniques. J. Catalysis 30, 195-203 (1973).

Kiviat, F.E. and Petrakis, L. Surface acidity of transition metal modified aluminas. Infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance investigation of adsorbed pyridine. J. Phys. Chem. 77, 1232-1239 (1973).

Petrakis, L. A metric (SI) energy scale for the energy crisis — Conversions and comparisons. J. Chem. Education 51(7), 459 (1974).

Dickson, F.E. and Petrakis, L. Application of electron spin resonance and electronic spectroscopy to the characterization of vanadium species in petroleum fractions. Anal. Chem. 46, 1129-1130 (1974).

Petrakis, L. and Dickson, F.E. Study by ESR and UV of vanadium containing petroleum fractions (porphyrin and nonporphyrin species). Anal. Chem. 46, 1124 (1974).

Petrakis, L. and Kiviat, F.E. Surface acidity of modified alumina – Reply to comments. J. Phys. Chem. 78, 2070-2071 (1974).

Colwell, R.R., Walker, J.D., and Petrakis, L. A study of the biodegradation of a South Louisiana crude oil employing computerized mass spectrometry. “Proc. 1975 Conference on Prevention and Control of Oil Pollution,” San Francisco, CA, March 1975, pp. 601-605, American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC, 1975.

Colwell, R.R., Walker, J.D., and Petrakis, L. Evaluation of petroleum-degrading potential of bacteria from water and sediment. Appl. Microbiol. 30, 1036-1039 (1975).

Walker, J.D., Colwell, R.R., and Petrakis, L. Bacterial degradation of motor oil. J. Water Pollut. Control Federation 47, 2058-2066 (1975).

Walker, J.D., Colwell, R.R., and Petrakis, L. Degradation of petroleum by an alga, Prototheca zopfii. Appl. Microbiol. 30, 79-81 (1975).

Walker, J.D., Colwell, R.R., and Petrakis, L. Microbial petroleum degradation: Application of computerized mass spectrometry. Can. J. Microbiol. 21, 1760-1767 (1975).

Petrakis, L. and Seshadri, K.S. Formation of thianthrene radical cations on molybdena-alumina surfaces. J. Catalysis 36, 351-355 (1975).

Petrakis, L. Book review of “Optical Methods of Radio Frequency Spectroscopy,” I. Agarbiceanu and I.M. Popescu, Appl. Spectroscopy 30, 253 (1976).

Colwell, R.R., Walker, J.D., and Petrakis, L. Biodegradation of petroleum by Chesapeake Bay sediment bacteria. Can. J. Microbiol. 22, 423-428 (1976).

Colwell, R.R., Walker, J.D., and Petrakis, L. Biodegradation rates of crude and fuel oils. Can. J. Microbiol. 22, 1209-1213 (1976).

Petrakis, L. and Ahner, P.F. Use of high gradient magnetic separation techniques for the removal of oil and solids from water effluents. IEEE Trans. on Magnetics MAG-12, 486 (1976).

Walker, J.D., Petrakis, L., and Colwell, R.R. Comparison of the biodegradability of crude and fuel oils. Can. J. Microbiol. 22, 598-602 (1976).

Petrakis, L. and Kiviat, F.E. Nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared investigation of adsorbed pyridine and thiophene on molybdena modified alumina. J. Phys. Chem. 80, 606-611 (1976).

Petrakis, L. Research needs and instrumental requirements in catalysis. Group report for a National Science Foundation workshop organized by the University of Delaware Chemical Engineering Department, College Park, Maryland, June 1978.

Petrakis, L. Book review of “The Chemical Society Specialist Periodical Report.” Appl. Spectroscopy 32, 415 (1978).

Petrakis, L., Jewell, D.J., and Benusa, W.F. Analytical methodology in assessing petroleum pollution. ACS Petroleum Chemistry Division Preprints 23(3), 870-876 (1978).

Petrakis, L. and Ahner, P.F. High gradient magnetic separations in water effluents. IEEE Trans. on Magnetics MAG-14, 491-493 (1978).

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. An ESR investigation of free radicals in coals and coal conversions. ACS Fuel Chemistry Division Preprints 23(4), 147-154 (1978).

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. Electron spin resonance spectrometric study of free radicals in coals. Anal. Chem. 50, 303-308 (1978).

Petrakis, L. and Edelheit, E. The utilization of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for petroleum, coal, oil shale, petrochemicals and polymers. Phenomenology, paradigms of applications and instrumentation. Appl. Spectroscopy Reviews 4, 195-260 (1979).

Lynch, W.B., Petrakis, L., and Hill, R.W. 13C NMR of homo- and copolymers of various small olefins. ACS Polymer Chemistry Division Preprints 20(2), 243-246 (1979).

Petrakis, L. and Seshadri, K.S. 13C nuclear magnetic resonance investigations of ethylene homopolymers, copolymers and model systems. Chemical shifts and relaxation times. Appl. Spectroscopy 33, 138-145 (1979).

Grandy, D.W. and Petrakis, L. ESR investigation of free radicals in solvent refined coal materials. I. Fuel 58, 239-240 (1979).

Petrakis, L., Ahner, P.F., and Kiviat, F.E. High gradient magnetic desulfurization of solvent refined coal. In “Industrial Applications of Magnetic Separation,” Y.A. Liu, Editor, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Inc., New York, 1979 , pp. 95-96 .

Petrakis, L., and Meyer P.L. An electron spin resonance investigation of a molybdena/alumina catalyst and of radical cations adsorbed on its surface. In “Magnetic Resonance in Colloid and Interface Science,” J.P. Faissard and H. A. Resing, Editors, NATO Adv. Study Inst., Series C, Vol. 61, pp. 513-520, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1980.

Petrakis, L., Meyer, P.L., and Debies, T.P. ESR and XPS investigation of a Mo-nAl2O3 model catalyst system and its interaction with adsorbed aromatics. J. Phys. Chem. 84, 1020-1028 (1980).

Petrakis, L., Meyer, P.L., and Jones, G.L. ESR investigation of radical cations formed from aromatics and heteroaromatics adsorbed on Mo-Al2O3 surfaces. J. Phys. Chem. 84, 1029-1038 (1980).

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. Electron spin resonance (ESR) characterization of coal and coal conversions. American Institute of Physics Conference Proc. 70, 101-120 (1980).

Petrakis, L., Jewell, D.M., and Benusa, W.F. Analytical chemistry of petroleum. In Petroleum in the Marine Environment, Advances in Chemistry, Vol. 185, L. Petrakis and F. Weiss, Editors, pp. 23-53, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1980.

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. Free radicals in coals and coal conversion. II. The effect of liquefaction processing conditions on the formation and quenching of coal free radicals. Fuel 59, 227-232 (1980).

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. An electron spin resonance spectrometric investigation of natural, extracted and thermally altered kerogenous materials. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 44, 763-768 (1980).

Petrakis, L., Ahner, P.F., and Grandy, D.W. Structural characterization of filter cake solids from a solvent-refined coal process (SRC-1). Fuel 59, 587-593 (1980).

Grandy, D.W. and Petrakis, L. A high pressure, high temperature electron paramagnetic resonance cavity. J. Mag. Resonance 41, 367-373 (1980).

Petrakis, L. and Weiss, F., Editors. Petroleum in the Marine Environment. American Chemical Society, Advances in Chemistry Series, Vol. 185, Washington, DC, 1980, 301 pages.

Petrakis, L., and Kiviat, F.E. High gradient magnetic separations of fine particles from industrial streams. In Fine Particles Processing, P. Somasundaran, Editor, Vol. II, pp. 1261-1286, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc., New York, 1980.

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. Coal analysis, characterization and petrography. J. Chem. Education 57, 689-694 (1980).

Petrakis, L. Book review of “Atlas of Carbon-13 NMR Data,” E. Breitmaier, G. Haas, and W. Voelter, Editors, Heyden and Sons, Inc., Philadelphia, 1979. Appl. Spectroscopy 44, 241 (1980).

Petrakis, L. A critique of the Stobaugh and Yergin, “The Energy Outlook: Combining the Options.” Harvard Business Review 80, 196 (1980).

Cooper, B.R. and Petrakis, L., Editors. The Chemistry and Physics of Coal Utilization. American Physical Society Conference Proceedings No. 70, New York, 1981, 485 pages.

Petrakis, L., Ahner, P.F., and Kiviat, F.E. Desulfurization and deashing of solvent refined coal (SRC-I) by high gradient magnetic separation techniques. Separation Sci. Technol. 16, 745-772 (1981).

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. The nature and role of free radicals in coal conversion processes as revealed by E.S.R. studies. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. Lond. A300, 83-87 (1981).

Petrakis, L., Graham, R.H., and Singleton, A.H. Underground coal gasification of steeply dipping coal beds: The first U.S. field test. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. Lond. A300, 201-204 (1981).

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. Free radicals in coals and coal conversion. III. Investigation of the free radicals of selected macerals upon pyrolysis. Fuel 60, 115-119 (1981).

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. Free radicals in coals and coal conversion. IV. Investigation of the free radicals of selected macerals upon liquefaction. Fuel 60, 120-124 (1981).

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. Formation and behavior of coal free radicals in pyrolysis and liquefaction conditions. Nature 289 (5797), 476-477 (1981).

Petrakis, L., Grandy, D.W., and Ruberto, R.G. Free radicals in coal and coal conversion. V. Methodology for the in situ investigation of free radicals in coal depolymerization under SRC-II preheater/reactor conditions. Fuel 60, 1013-1016 (1981).

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. Free radicals in coal and coal conversion. VI. Effect of liquefaction process variables on the in situ observation of free radicals. Fuel 60, 1017-1021 (1981).

Petrakis, L., Ruberto, R.G., Young, D.C., Katti, S., Westerman, D.W.B., and Gates, B.C. Catalytic upgrading of coal liquids: Preparation and characterization of microreactor feeds. “Proc. International Conference on Coal Science,” Dusseldorf, F.R. Germany, Sept. 1981, pp. 516-521, Verlag Glueckhauf GmbH, Essen, Germany, 1981.

Petrakis, L. Report to the American Physical Society by the Study Group on Research Planning for Coal Utilization and Synthetic Fuel Production. Reviews of Modern Phys. 53, S1-S165 (1981) (Task Group Report, B.L. Cooper, Chairman).

Petrakis, L., Grandy, D.W., and Jones, G.L. An in situ experimental observation and predictive model of free radical formation under liquefaction regime conditions. ACS Fuel Chemistry Division Preprints 26(3), 60-68 (1981).

Jeong, K.M., Friedlaender, F.J., Petrakis, L., and Takayasu, M. High gradient magnetic separation. I. The removal of solids from shale oils. IEEE Trans. on Magnetics MAG-18, 1692-1694 (1982).

Petrakis, L., Grandy, D.W., and Jones, G.L. Free radicals in coals and coal conversion. VII. An in-depth experimental investigation and statistical correlative model of the effects of residence time, temperature, and solvents. Fuel 61, 21-28 (1982).

Takayasu, M., Friedlaender, F.J., Jeong, K.M., and Petrakis, L. High gradient magnetic separation. II. Single wire studies of shale oils. IEEE Trans. on Magnetics MAG-18, 1695-1697 (1982).

Petrakis, L., Grandy, D.W., and Jones, G.L. The role of in situ measured free radicals in the kinetics and mechanism of the hydroliquefaction of Powhatan No. 5 coal. ACS Fuel Chemistry Division Preprints 27(3-4), 85-91 (1982).

Petrakis, L., Grandy, D.W., and Jones, G.L. The role of free radicals in the depolymerization of coal under hydroliquefaction conditions. “Proc. Pan-Pacific Synthetic Fuels Conference,” Tokyo, Japan, 1982, pp. 224-231, Japanese Petroleum Institute, Tokyo, Japan, 1982.

Petrakis, L., Katti, S., Gates, B.C., Westerman, D.W.B., Li, L., and Youngless, T. Catalytic hydrodesulfurization of the neutral oils fraction derived from a coal hydroliquefaction product. ACS Petroleum Chemistry Division Preprints 27(4), 837 (1982).

Maciel, G.E., Sullivan, M.J., Petrakis, L., and Grandy, D.W. 13C nuclear magnetic resonance characterization of coal macerals by magic angle spinning. Fuel 61, 411 (1982).

Petrakis, L. To Nefos Mas. [Our Cloud: Air Pollution in the Athens Basin.] Gutenberg, Athens, 1982, 98 pages.

Petrakis, L. Book review of “Nitrogen NMR Spectroscopy.” Appl. Spectroscopy 36. (1982).

Kibby, C.L., Houalla, M., Petrakis, L.P., and Hercules, D.M. Surface characterization of methanation catalysts formed by oxidation of nickel-silicon intermetallics. J. Phys. Chem. 87, 3689-3693 (1983).

Maciel, G., Haw, J.F., Ssuer-Chang, I., Hawkins, B.L., Early, T.A., McCay, D.R., and Petrakis, L. NMR studies of pyridine on silica-alumina. J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 105, 5529-5535 (1983).

Houalla, M., Kibby, C.L., Petrakis, L., and Hercules, D.M. Effects of impregnation pH on the surface structure and hydrodesulfurization activity of Mo/Al2O3 catalysts. J. Catalysis 83, 50-60 (1983).

Vogelzang, M.W., Li, C.L., Schuit, G.C.A., Gates, B.C., and Petrakis, L. Hydrodeoxygenation of 1-naphthol: Activities and stabilities of molybdena and related catalysts. J. Catalysis 84, 170-177 (1983).

Houalla, M., Satyanarayana, M.V., Petrakis, L., Hercules, D.M., and Kibby, C.L. Surface characterization and methanation activity of oxidized ThCo5-xNix intermetallics. Presented at the Tri-State Catalyst Club Symposium, Lexington, KY, 1983. CONF-8305266, Abstracts, 1, 4 pp. (1983).

Petrakis, L., Kibby, C.L., Eddy, E.L., Houalla, M., and Hercules, D.M. Surface characterization of acidity of nickel and titanium promoted hydrotreating catalysts. ACS Petroleum Chemistry Division Preprints 28, 504-514 (1983).

Petrakis, L., Grandy, D.W., and Jones, G.L. Use of in situ electron paramagnetic resonance to assess formation of free radicals and their role in the hydroliquefaction of coal. Fuel 62, 1066-1069 (1983).

Petrakis, L., Jones, G.L., and Grandy, D.W. Free radicals in coals and coal conversion. VIII. Experimental determination of conversion in hydroliquefaction. Fuel 62, 665-670 (1983).

Petrakis, L., Jones, G.L., and Grandy, D.W. Free radicals in coals and coal conversion. IX. Statistical correlative models of the effect of process variables on hydroliquefaction products. Fuel 62, 671-680 (1983).

Petrakis, L., Jones, G.L., Grandy, D.W., and King, A.B. Free radicals in coals and coal conversion. X. Kinetics and reaction pathways in hydroliquefaction. Fuel 62, 681-689 (1983).

Petrakis, L., Ruberto, R.G., Young, D.C., and Gates, B.C. Catalytic hydroprocessing of SRC-II heavy distillate fractions. I. Preparation of the fractions by liquid chromatography. I&EC Process Design and Development 22, 292-297 (1983).

Petrakis, L., Young, D.C., Ruberto, R.G., and Gates, B.C. Catalytic hydroprocessing of SRC-II heavy distillate fractions. II. Detailed structural characterizations of the fractions. I&EC Process Design and Development 22, 298-305 (1983).

Katti, S.S., Westerman, D.W.B., Gates, B.C., Petrakis, L., Grandy, D.W., and Youngless, T. Catalytic hydroprocessing of chemically well defined fractions derived from hydroliquefied coal. “Proc. 1983 International Conference on Coal Science,” pp. 767-770, Cent. Conf. Management, Pittsburgh, (1983).

Petrakis, L., Allen, D.T., Grandy, D.W., Gavalas, G.R., and Gates, B.C. Functional group analysis of coal liquids. ACS Petroleum Chemistry Division Preprints 28(5), 1346-1352 (1983).

Westerman, D.W.B., Gates, B.C., Katti, S.S., Sanjee, V.S., Li, C.-L., Petrakis, L., and Vogelzang, M.W. Capillary column GC with S- and N-specific hall detectors for determination of kinetics of hydroprocessing reactions of individual compounds in coal liquids. Fuel 62, 1376-1378 (1983).

Petrakis, L., Allen, D.T., Gavalas, G.R., and Gates, B.C. Analysis of synthetic fuels for functional group determination. Anal. Chem. 55, 1557-1564 (1983).

Petrakis, L. Chemistry for the ’80s at the University of Pittsburgh. A round table discussion with the Department Chairman. Warner Communications Cable Television, (June 1983).

Ledford, J.S., Hercules, D.M., Houalla, M., Kibby, C.L., and Petrakis, L. Surface characterization of supported nickel-thorium catalysts. In “Catalysis on the Energy Scene,” S. Kaliagune and A. Mahay, Editors, Elsevier Press, Amsterdam (1984), pp.235-242.

Vogelzang, M.W., Li, C.L., Shuit, G.C.A., Katti, S.S., Gates, B.C., and Petrakis, L. Hydroprocessing of organo-oxygen compounds in coal liquids catalyzed by sulfided Ni-Mo/γ-Al2O3. J. Catalysis 85, 256-259 (1984).

Houalla, M., Hercules, D.M., Kibby, C.L., Petrakis, L., and Pourarian, F. Surface characterization of methanation catalysts formed by oxidation of nickel-cerium intermetallics. Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. (Netherlands) 19, 243-250 (1984).

Dang, T.A., Hercules, D.M. and Petrakis, L. Spectroscopic characterization of ThNixFe5-x intermetallic catalysts. J. Phys. Chem. 88, 3209-3215 (1984).

Dang, T.A., Kibby, C.L., Petrakis, L. and Hercules, D.M. Surface characterization of Th-Ni intermetallic catalysts. J. Catalysis 88, 26-36 (1984).

Houalla, M., Kibby, C.L., Hercules, D.M. and Petrakis, L. Structure and reactivity of promoted and unpromoted molybdena catalysts. “Proc. Eighth International Congress on Catalysis,” Berlin, July 1984, Vol. 4, pp. 415-425, Verl. Chemie, Weinheim, F.R. Germany (1984).

Houalla, M., Dang, T.A., Eddy, E.L., Kibby, C.L., Petrakis, L. and Hercules, D.M. Surface characterization and methanation activity of catalysts derived from binary and ternary intermetallics. ACS Petroleum Chem Div Preprints 29, 807-816 (1984).

M. Houalla, T. A. Dang, C.L. Kibby, Leonidas Petrakis, and David Hercules, “The Spectroscopic Characterizationof Intermetallic Synthesis Gas Coversion Catalysts and the Correlation of their Activity with Surface Stucture”, Applications of Surface Science,Vol 19, 1984, pp. 414-429.

Magnetic Resonance: Introduction, Advanced Topics and Application to Fossil Energy, Petrakis, L. and Fraissard, J.P., Editors, NATO Advanced Study Inst. on Magnetic Resonance – NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 124, D. Reidel, Holland, 807 pages (1984).

Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. Free Radicals in Coals and Synthetic Fuels. Coal Science and Technology Series No. 5, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 275 pages (1984).

Grandy, D.W., Petrakis, L., Young, D.C., and Gates, B.C. The determination of oxygen functionalities in synthetic fuels by NMR naturally abundant 17O. In Magnetic Resonance, L. Petrakis and J.P. Fraissard, Editors, Reidel, Dordrecht, 672 pages (1984).

Allen, D.T., Petrakis, L., Grandy, D.W., Gavalas, G.R., and Gates, B.C. Functional group analysis of coal liquids. In Magnetic Resonance: Introduction, Advanced Topics and Application to Fossil Energy, Petrakis, L. and Fraissard, J.P., Editors, pp. 699-707, NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 124, D. Reidel, Holland, 807 pages (1984).

Sullivan, M.J., Szeverenyi, N.M., Maciel, G., Petrakis, L. and Grandy, D.W. Proton spin-lattice relaxation in coals of varying rank. In Magnetic Resonance, Petrakis, L. and Fraissard, J.P., Editors, pp. 607-616, Reidel, Dordrecht (1984).

Petrakis, L., Katti, S.S., Westerman, D.W.B., Gates, B.C., and Youngless, T. Catalytic hydroprocessing of SRC-II heavy distillate fractions. III. Hydrodesulfurization of the neutral oils. I&EC Process Design and Development 23, 773-778 (1984).

Takayasu, M., Hwang, J.Y., Friedlaender, F.J. and Petrakis, L. Magnetic separation utilizing a magnetic susceptibility gradient. IEEE Trans. on Magnetics MAG-20, 155-159 (1984).

Petrakis, L., Grandy, D.W., and Jones, G.L. Free radical chemistry: Key to coal liquefaction. Chemtech 14, 52-57 (1984).

Jeong, K.M., Friedlaender, F.J., Petrakis, L., and Takayasu, M. Characterization of shale-oil solids removed by the high-gradient magnetic separation technique. Fuel 63, 1459-1463 (1984).

Allen, D.T., Grandy, P.W., and Petrakis, L.P. Comparative structural profiles of heavy bitumens by a novel functional group analysis. Collect. Colloq. Semin. (Inst. Fr. Pet.) 40, 309-314 (1984)

Allen, D.T., Gates, B.C., Grandy, D.W., Gavalas, G.R., and Petrakis, L. The determination of functional groups of coal-derived liquids by nuclear magnetic resonance and elemental analysis. Fuel 63, 803-809 (1984).

Li, C.-L., Katti, S.S., Gates, B.C., and Petrakis, L. Hydroprocessing of organo-oxygen compounds in coal liquids catalyzed by sulfide Ni-Mo/γ-Al2O3. J. Catal. 85, 256-259 (1984).

Snape, C.G., Ladner, W.R., Petrakis, L., and Gates, B.C. The chemical nature of asphaltenes from some coal liquefaction processes. Fuel Processing Technol. 8, 155-168 (1984).

Petrakis, L., Grandy, D.W., Li, C.-L., and Gates, B.C. Catalytic hydroprocessing of acidic fractions of coal liquid heavy distillate. ACS Fuel Chemistry Division Preprints 29, 40-45 (1984).

Jeong, K.M., Petrakis, L., Takayasu, M., and Friedlaender, F.J. Physicochemical properties of magnetically separated shale oil solids. ACS Fuel Chemistry Division Preprints 29(3), 159-165 (1984).

Grandy, D.W., Petrakis, L., Young, D.C., and Gates, B.C. Determination of oxygen functionalities in synthetic fuels by NMR of naturally abundant 17O. Nature (London) 308, 175-177 (1984).

Petrakis, L. Book review of “The SADTLER Guide to Carbon-13 NMR Spectra.” Appl. Spectroscopy (1984).

Petrakis, L. and Fraissard, J. A report on an Advanced Study Institute on Magnetic Resonance and its applications to fossil energy. Fuel, 6 (1984).

Satyanarayana, M., Kibby, C. and Hercules, D. Studies of the Activity of Catalysts Derived from Binary and Ternary Intermetallics. ACS Petroleum Chemistry Preprints 29, 807- 816 (1984).

Houalla, M., Dang, T.A., Eddy, E.L., Kibby, C.L., Petrakis, L., and Hercules, D.M. Surface characterization and methanation activity of catalysts derived from binary and ternary intermetallics. ACS Symposium Series, Vol. N288, pp. 305-316, American Chemical Society (1985).

Li, C.L., Cao, Z.A., Gates, B.C., Petrakis, L., and Xu, Z.-R. Hydrodeoxygenation of 1-naphthol catalyzed by sulfided Ni- Mo/γ-Al2O3: The reaction network. AIChE Journal 31, 170-174 (1985).

Petrakis, L., Allen, D.T., Jeong, K.M., and Grady, D.W. Heavier fractions of shale oils, heavy crudes, tar sands, and coal liquids: Comparison of structural profiles. I&EC Process Design and Development 24, 737-742 (1985).

Petrakis, L., Li, C.-L., Xu, Z.-R., and Gates, B.C. Catalytic hydroprocessing of SRC-II heavy distillate fractions. IV. Hydrodeoxygenation of phenolic compounds in the acidic fractions. I&EC Process Design and Development 24, 92 (1985).

Petrakis, L., Girgis, M.J., and Gates, B.C. High pressure catalytic hydroprocessing of a simulated coal liquid. ACS Petroleum Chemistry Division Preprints 30(4), 697-703 (1985).

Ledford, J.S., Houalla, M., Hercules, D.M., and Petrakis, L. Surface characterization and catalytic activity of supported cobalt-lanthanum catalysts. ACS Petroleum Chemistry Division Preprints 31(1), 329-335 (1986).

Petrakis, L. and Allen, D.T. NMR for Liquid Fossil Fuels. Analytical Spectroscopy Library No. 1, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 242 pages (1986).

Grandy, D.W., Petrakis, L., Li, C.-L., and Gates, B.C. Catalytic hydroprocessing of synthetic fuels. V. Conversion of the acidic fractions characterized by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. I&EC Process Design and Development 25, 40-48 (1986).

Katti, S.S., Gates, B.C., and Petrakis, L. Catalytic hydroprocessing of SRC-II heavy distillate fractions. VI. Hydroprocessing of the bases and neutral resins. I&EC Process Design and Development 25, 618-626 (1986).

Ledford, J.S., Houalla, M., Petrakis, L., and Hercules, D.M. Influence of lanthanum oxide on the surface structure and carbon monoxide hydrogenation activity of supported cobalt catalysts. Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 31, 433-442 (1987).

Petrakis, L., Springuel-Huet, M., Ito, T., Hughes, T.R., Chan, I.Y., and Fraissard, J. Assessment of platinum dispersion in zeolites by 129Xe NMR and comparison with transmission electron microscopy and chemisorption. “Proc. Ninth Intern. Congr. on Catalysis,” pp. 348-355, Chem. Inst. Can., Ottawa, Canada (1988).

Allen, D.T. and Petrakis, L. Estimating thermophysical properties of coal liquids using NMR spectra. In New Trends in Coal Science, NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 224, pp. 187-196 (1988).

Katti, S., Gates, B., Grandy, D., Youngless, T., and Petrakis, L. Catalytic hydroprocessing of SRC-II heavy distillate fractions. VII. Kinetics of hydrogenation, hydrodesulfurization, and hydrodeoxygenation of the neutral oils determined by analysis of compound classes and individual compounds. I&EC Research 27, 1767-1775 (1988).

L. Petrakis, “High Resolution NMR Spectroscopy of Synthetic Polymers”, R. A. Komoroski, Ed., Book Review, in Reaction Polymers, 1988

Otowa, T., Houalla, M., Hercules, D., Kibby, C. and Petrakis, L. Surface Characterization and CO Hydrogenation Activity of Silane-Treated Nickel Aluminium. Applied Spectroscopy 43, 1082 (1989).

Ledford, J., Houalla, M., Proctor, A., Hercules, D. and Petrakis, L. Influence of Lanthanum on the Surface Structure and CO Hydrogenation Activity of Supported Cobalt Catalysts. J. Phys. Chem. 93, 6770 (1989).

Chen-Shi Huang, Marwan Houalla, David M. Hercules, Charles L. Kibby, and Leonidas Petrakis, “Comparison of Catalysts Derived from Oxidation of Ru3Th7 with Impregnated Ru/ThO2 Catalysts”, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, vol 93, pp. 4540-3.

Huang, C.-S., Houalla, M., Hercules, D., Kibby, C. and Petrakis, L. Characterization of Catalysts Derived from Oxidation of RuxThy Intermetallics. J. Phys. Chem. 94, 6749 (1990).

“Global Climate Feedbacks: Proceedings of the Brookhaven National Laboratory Workshop, June 1990”, Foreword by Department of Applied Science Chairman L. Petrakis

Laszlo, P. and Petrakis, L. The Global Impact of Chlorine-Containing Chemicals. BNL-48104 (October 1992).

Petrakis, L. Transportation: Environment, Energy and the Economy. BNL-49418 (January 1993).

Laszlo, P., Petrakis, L., “Observing and Watching,” New J. Chem., 18(11), 1135-37 (1994).

Petrakis, L., “What Kind of Science Policy?,” Chemical and Engineering News, p. 4 (August 1994).

Laszlo, P. and Petrakis, L., “A Risky Business?,” Chemistry in Britain, 31(7), pp 555-556 (July 1995).

Pandya, K., Heald, S., Hriljac, J., Petrakis, L., and Fraissard, J., “Characterization by EXAFS, NMR and Other Techniques of Pt/NaY Zeolite at Industrially Relevant Low Concentration of Platinum.,” J. Phys. Chem. 100(12), 5070-5077 (1996).

Hriljac, J.A., Eylem, C., Sabatini, R., Hu, R., Zhu, Q., and Petrtakis, L., “Quantifying the Level of Chrysotile in Pure and Gypsum-Based Materials: A Comparison of Synchrotron and Laboratory X-Ray Diffraction Techniques”, Materials Research Society Abstracts, April 1996, p. 479

Petrakis, L., “On Preserving Cultural Heritage. A commentary on Mary Lefkowitz’s book ‘NOT OUT OF AFRICA’”, TO BHMA, p. A28, (1996).

Hu, R., Block, J., Hriljac, J.A., Eylem, C., and Petrakis, L., “On the Use of X-Ray Powder Diffraction for Determining Low Levels of Chrysotile Asbestos in Gypsum-based Bulk Materials: Sample Preparation and Use of X-Ray Diffraction.”, Analytical Chemistry, 68, pp. 3112-3120, 1996).

“Wheels: Dream or Nightmare? The Case for True-Cost Pricing in the Transportation Sector”,
EKISTICS, 1997, p. 1-10 (Also http://www.bnl.gov/DAS/spproj )

Hriljac, J.A., Eylem, C., Zhu, Q., Sabatini, R., Petrakis, L., Hu, R., and Block J., “On the Use of X-ray Powder Diffraction for Determining Low Levels of Chrysotile Asbestos in Gypsum-based Bulk Materials: Use of a Synchrotron Source.” Analytica Chimica Acta, 350 (1997) 221-229

Sugama, T., Sabatini, R. and Petrakis, L., “Decomposition of Chrysotile Asbestos by Fluorosulfonic Acid.”, Industrial&Engineering Chemistry Research, Ind. Eng. Chem Res., 1998, 37, 79-88

“The American Model for Scientific Research and Economic Development”, Oikonomikos Tachydromos, August 6 , 1998, p100-101

“Rendering Asbestos Harmless”, Transcript 339th Brookhaven Lecture, Oct 21, 1998

“Novel Asbestos Removal Technology”, Proceedings National Education Workshop, 1998, pp. 217-249 (NASA/CP 1999-209549).

Jacob Block, Leonidas Petrakis, Leonard E. Dolhert, David F. Myers, L. Louis Hegedus, Ronald Webster, and Lawrence Kukacka, “A Novel Approach for the in-situ Chemical Elimination of Chrysotile from Asbestos-Containing Fireproofing Materials”, Environmental Science & Technology, 2000, vol 34, pp. 2293-2298.

Jacob Bloch, Leonard E. Dolhert, Leonidas Petrakis, amd Ronald Webster, “Eliminating Asbestos from Fireproofing Materials”, in Chemical Innovation, vol 30, 2000, pp. 21-29.

“Olympic Games and Cultural Olympics” , Kathimerini, August 11, 2002

“Ancient Greek Papyri Treasures at U.C. Berkeley”, The National Herald (NY, ) November 16, 2003

“Let’s Not Eclipse Greek Achievement”, The National Herald (NY), May 22, 2004

“Olympics, But Nemea Also”, Kathimerini, June 2004

“Sidewalks and Quality of Life”, Kathimerini, July31, 2004

“On the Constantinople Pogrom of 1955”, Kathimerini, May 18, 2005

“The deep Roots of Greco-American Friendship”, The National Herald (NY), October 15, 2005

“Makedonia and non-Greek Scholars”, Kathimerini, June 10, 2009

Honouring the Dead…. chapter

A-16

COLLOQUIA, SEMINARS, TALKS

The University of Maryland, College Park, MD, Winter 1963.

Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, IL, Spring 1965.

Northeastern University, Boston, MA, Fall 1966.

National ACS Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Spring 1968.

Carnegie-Mellon University, Spring 1968.

University of Pittsburgh, Fall 1968.

National ACS Meeting, New York, NY, Fall 1969.

National ACS Meeting, New York, NY, Fall 1969.

Eastern Analytical Symposium, New York, NY (invited lecture) Fall 1968.

Clarion State College, Clarion, PA (ACS Suburban Lecture Series), Spring 1969.

Greek Atomic Energy Commission Laboratories, Athens, Greece, Summer 1970.

Catalysis Society, Pittsburgh, PA, Spring 1970.

University of Pittsburgh (School of General Studies, The Nationalities Rooms), “Modern Greek Literature–A Survey and Readings,” Fall 1970.

National ACS Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, Spring 1971.

11th Experimental Conference on NMR, Gainesville, FL, Spring 1971.

National ACS Meeting, Washington, DC, Fall 1971.

National ACS Meeting, Boston, MA, Spring 1971.

Carnegie-Mellon University, Department of Chemistry, Spring 1972 (three lectures).

Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA, Fall 1972.

The Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, Cleveland, Ohio, Spring 1973 (invited lecture; Symposium on Industrial Applications of C-13 NMR).

National ACS Meeting, Dallas, TX, Spring 1973 (Invited Talk; Symposium on the Structure of Solid Surfaces and of Adsorbed Molecules).

Indiana University Student Affiliate Chapter ACS, Indiana, PA, Fall 1973.

Physical-Inorganic Section, Pittsburgh ACS, Pittsburgh, PA, Fall 1973.

API Seminar on the Fate of Oil, Washington, DC, March 1974.

Pittsburgh Catalysis Club, April 1974.

Symposium on Fate and Biological Effects of Oil in the Marine Environment, Washington, DC, May 1974.

Clarion State College, Clarion, PA, March 1975.

1975 Conference on Prevention and Control of Oil Pollution, March 1975, San Francisco, CA.

Carnegie-Mellon University, April 1975.

DEMOKRITOS Nuclear Research Center, Atomic Energy Commission of Greece, Athens, Greece, July 1975.

Fifth Instrumentation Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, September 1975.

First North American Chemical Conference in Mexico City, Mexico, December 1975.

Waynesburg College Chemistry and Geology Student Clubs, Waynesburg, PA, January 1976.

Symposium on Theory and Application of Magnetic Desulfurization of Coal, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, March 1976.

Symposium on Environmental Studies in Western Pennsylvania, Chatham College, Pittsburgh, PA, May 1976.

Centennial American Chemical Society Meeting, San Francisco, CA, August 1976.

Invited Lecture at the 1977 Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, Cleveland, OH, February 1977.

Naval Research Laboratories, Washington, DC, June 1977.

Mansfield State College, Mansfield, PA, May 1977

American Chemical Society, National Meeting, Chicago, IL, August 1977.

International Magnetics Conference, Florence, Italy (IEEE Magnetics Society, Societa Di Fisica and Associazione Electrotechnica Italiana), May 1978 (co-authored with P. F. Ahner).

Symposium on “Fundamental Studies in Fossil Fuel Science,” American Chemical Society, National Meeting, Miami, FL, 1978 (co-authored with D. W. Grandy).

Symposium on “Analytical Chemistry of Petroleum in the Marine/Aquatic Environment,” American Chemical Society, National Meeting, Miami, FL, 1978.

University di Roma, Rome, Italy (Istituto di Chimia Generale e Inorganica), May 1978.

Polytechnic Institute of Milano, Italy, May 1978.

Instituto di Chimica della Macromolecule del CNR, Milano, Italy, May 1978.

Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA, May 1978.

National Science Foundation – University of Delaware Workshop, Chairmanship of Sessions on “Application of Spectroscopic Techniques to Basic Catalytic Research and Definition of Future Needs and Directions,” June 1978.

International Conference on Industrial Applications of Magnetic Separations, Rindge, NH, August 1978.

American Chemical Society National Meeting, Miami, FL, September 1978.

13th American Chemical Society Middle Atlantic Regional Meeting, Monmouth College, NJ.

Duquesne University, Winter 1979.

North American Congress on Catalysis, Chicago, IL, March 1979.

Clarion State College, Clarion, PA, Spring 1979.

American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, Meeting, September 1979.

International Conference/NATO Scientific Committee Advanced Study Institute on Magnetic Resonance in Colloid and Interface Science, Menton, France, June-July 1979.

American Institute of Chemical Engineers Meeting, Symposium on “Recent Advances in Separation Technology,” Boston, MA, August 1979.

Materials Research Society, Boston, MA, November 1979.

International Symposium on Fine Particles Processing, Las Vegas, NV, February 24-28, 1980.

Pennsylvania State University, July 1980.

The Royal Society of London, Discussion on New Coal Chemistry, May 1980.

California Institute of Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, February 1980.

University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, A Series of Lectures on “Spectroscopy, Surface Science, and Catalysis,” May 1980.

First Distinguished Alumni Lecture Series at Northeastern University, May 1980.

Third International ESR Symposium, Denver, CO, August 1980.

Iowa State University, Ames, IA, November 1980.

American Chemical Society, Central Regional Meeting, November 1980.

Department of Energy Principal Investigators’ Meeting on Fossil Energy, October 1980, Pittsburgh, PA.

Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, Atlantic City, NJ, March 9, 1981 (Invited Lecture).

ACS National Meeting, Atlanta, GA, March 1981.

15th Biennial Conference on Carbon, Philadelphia, PA, June 1981.

International Conference on Coal Science, Dusseldorf, Federal Republic of Germany, September 1981.

American Management Association, New York, NY, January 1981.

North American Congress on Catalysis, Boston, MA, November 1981.

A Series of Lectures at the University of Connecticut, Department of Chemical Engineering, Short Course on Catalysis, May 1981.

ACS, National Meeting, New York, August 1981.

Pennsylvania State University, October 1981.

U.S. Department of Energy, Principal Investigators Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, October 1981.

Department of Physics, University of West Virginia, Morgantown, WV, April 1982.

Juniata College, Huntington, PA, May 1982.

Pittsburgh Chemists Club, Pittsburgh, PA, May 1982.

ACS, National Meeting, Kansas City, KS, September 1982.

Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, October 1982.

Pan-Pacific Synthetic Fuels Conference, Tokyo, Japan, November 1982.

Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, November 1982.

Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, November 1982.

Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan, November 1982.

University of Pittsburgh, Johnstown, January 1983.

University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, February 1983.

Pittsburgh Conference, Atlantic City, NJ, March 1983.

Society of Chemical Industry Meeting (Plenary Lecture), London, April 1983.

Tri-State Catalysis Society, Lexington, KY, May 1983.

The North American Catalysis Society, 8th Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, May 1983.

NATO Advanced Study Institute, Crete, July 1983.

American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington, DC, August 1983.

International Conference on Coal Science, Pittsburgh, PA, August 1983.

Materials Research Society, Boston, MA, November 1983.

American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Atlanta, GA, March 1984.

International Conference on the Characterization of Petroleum Heavy Crudes, Lyon, France, June 1984.

International Congress on Catalysis, Berlin. July 1984.

Pittsburgh Chemists Club, April 1985.

University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, February 1985.

CNRS, Institut de Catalyse, Villeurbanne, France, June 1985.

Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison, France, June 1985.

University of Paris, Pierre of Marie Curie, May-June 1985.

Coal Research Group, Paris, France, June 1985.

California Catalysis Society, Richmond, CA, March 1986.

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, May 1986.

Gordon Research Conference on Catalysis, New Hampshire, June 1986.

University of California, Department of Chemistry, Berkeley, CA, December 1986.

North American Society on Catalysis, San Diego, CA, May 1987.

East China University of Chemical Technology, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China, May 1987.

RIPP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China, June 1987.

Advanced Study Institute, Datca, Turkey, August 1987.

University of Connecticut, Institute of Materials Science, November, 1987.

International Congress on Catalysis, Calgary, Canada, June 1988.

San Francisco State University, April 1989.

Chevron, LaHabra, September 1990.

University of Paris (Pierre et Marie Universite), June 1991.

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Conference on “Critical Technologies,” May 1992.

Krakow Clean Fossil Fuel and Energy Efficiency Program, Krakow, Poland, November 1992.

Pittsburgh Section, American Chemical Society, October 1992.

American Chemical Society, Petroleum Chemistry Award Symposium, Denver, 1993.

NATO/NSF Advanced Study Institute on “Surface Acidity and Basicity,” Nice, France, 1993.

Department of Transportation, “Working Together: Transportation Opportunities for Technology Reinvestment,” Cambridge, MA, May 1993.

“International Energy Agency (IEA) 1993 Conference,” Hong Kong, November 1993.

“Impact of Technology on Analysis and Instrumentation,” Barnett Institute, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, June 1995.

Materials Research Society, San Francisco, CA, April 1996.

U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC, June 1996.

Materials Research Society, Spring 1996 Meeting, San Fransisco, CA, 1996.

US Department of Labor, OSHA, Washington, D.C., 1996

American Society of Mechanical Engineers/DOE D&D, Morgantown,, West VA, April 1997

University of Athens, Athens, Greece, 1997

National Research Center for Physical Sciences “DEMOKRITOS” , Athens, Greece, 1997

University of Patras, Patras, Greece, 1997

Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece, 1997

NY Securities Analysts, Dec 1997

LILCO, Hicksville, NY, Jan 1998

New York City Department of Environmental Conservation, March 1998

US Department of Energy, Morgantown, W. Virginia, May 1998

US Department of Energy, Fernald, Ohio, June 1998

New York Port Authority, World Trade Center, NYC, June 1998

US Department of Energy, Savannah River, June 1998

National Research Center “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece, July 1998

339th Brookhaven Lecture, “Rendering Asbestos Non-hazardous”, Brookhaven National Laboratory, October 21, 1998

Plenary Lecture, National Educators’ Workshop, Brookhaven National Laboratory, November 1998

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HONORS, PROFESSIONAL AND COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES

1953-1955Helicon Society Undergraduate Scholarship and Carl M. Hayden Memorial Scholarship, Northeastern University, Boston, MA.

1959-1961U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, Research Fellowship.

1961-1962National Research Council of Canada, Postdoctorate Research Fellow.

1962-1963University of Maryland, Research Grants, NIH, ARPA and University of Maryland Graduate Research Board.

1970-1974ASTM Task Force on Magnetic Resonance.

1972-1973Adjunct Senior Lecturer, Carnegie/Mellon University.

1972-1978Pennsylvania Junior Academy of Sciences, Board of Judges.

1973Coorganizer and Session Chairman “International Symposium on Industrial Applications of 13C NMR Spectroscopy,” Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy, Cleveland, OH.

1974-1977ACS, Pittsburgh Section, Physical-Inorganic Group Officer (Treasurer, Chairman-Elect, Chairman).

1974-1981University of Pittsburgh Hillman Library, Consultant for the Greek Collection.

1975-1981American Chemical Society, Speakers Bureau.

1975-1985Book Review Board, Applied Spectroscopy.

1977-1979Chairman-Elect, Chairman, Pittsburgh Section, American Chemical Society.

1978″International Symposium on Industrial Applications of Magnetic Separations,” Engineering Foundation, Rindge, NH (Member, International Steering Committee and Session Chairman); Co-Sponsored by U.S. Department of Energy, IEEE Magnetics Society, National Science Foundation.

1978Organizer of Symposium on “Petroleum in the Marine Environment,” Petroleum and Analytical Division of the American Chemical Society, Miami National ACS Meeting.

1978Session Co-Chairman of a National Science Foundation Workshop on “Instrumental Needs in Catalysis.”

1979NATO Advanced Study Institute on Surface and Colloid Chemistry, Menton, France (Invited Presentation).

1979-1983Advisory Board, American Chemical Society, Advances in Chemistry and Symposium Series.

1980Royal Society of London, Invited Presentation in Discussion on “New Coal Chemistry.”

1980Member of Organizing Committee for Symposium on “Physics and Chemistry of Coal Utilization,” Topical Meeting of the American Physical Society, West Virginia University.

1980Harvard Business Review, Commentary on the Stobaugh and Yergin “Energy Future” (by Invitation of the Editor).

1980Edited Advances in Chemistry Volume on Petroleum in the Marine Environment, ACS, Washington, DC.

1980Organizer of Plenary Public Panel Discussion on “Impact of Pittsburgh Based R&D on National Energy Scene,” ACS Regional Meeting, November 1980.

1980First Lecturer in Northeastern University Distinguished Alumni Series.

1980-1981American Physical Society, Member of Panel on “Opportunities for Physicists in Coal Research.”

1981-1984Director, Executive Committee, American Chemical Society, Pittsburgh Section.

1981-1985Adjunct Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh.

1982-1983Executive Committee, Pittsburgh Regional Center for Science Teachers.

1983Organizer and Director, NATO Advanced Study Institute on “Magnetic Resonance Techniques,” Crete, July 1983.

1984-1987Councilor, American Chemical Society.

1985University of Paris (Pierre et Marie Curie), Visiting Professorship (Competitive Award Made by the French Government for a Two-Month Visiting Lectureship).

1984Winner, Pittsburgh Award, American Chemical Society.

1984-1986American Chemical Society, Business Manager Division Petroleum Chemistry.

1986Invited Speaker, California Catalysis Society.

1986Gordon Research Conference on Catalysis.

1987Invited Lecturer, East China University on Chemical Technology, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China.

1987Invited Lecturer, Advanced Study Institute on “New Trends in Coal Science,” NATO Scientific Affairs Division, Turkey.

1989Director, Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Research Center for Physical Sciences, Demokritos, Athens, Greece.

1990-1991State University of New York at Stony Brook, Department of Materials Science Visiting Committee.

1991Visiting Professor, Pierre et Marie Curie University, Paris, France.

1991-1995Board of Advisors, Women’s Housing and Economic Development Corporation.

1991-Who’s Who in America.

1991-Council for Chemical Research.

1991-9 Long Island Association (Environmental and Energy Committee).

1991-1992State University of New York at Stony Brook, Member of Dean of Engineering Search Committee.

1991-1992Brookhaven National Laboratory Representative on Organizing Committee for Long Island Research Institute.

1992-1995Business Science Advisory Board, Long Island Research Institute.

1992-Advisory Council of the Barnett Institute, Northeastern University.

1993Organizer with Congressman G. Hochbrueckner, Conference on “Recycling Technologies and Marketing Opportunities.”

1993Member of Organizing Group for the “EPRI, Northeast Regional Community Environmental Center.”

1994-98Council for Chemical Research – Member of Public Relations and Administration Committees.

1994Ad hoc Committee for Selection of a) Directors of Research Institute of Physical Chemistry and b) Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, DEMOKRITOS Research Center, Athens Greece.

1994Civilian and Industrial Technologies Committee / National Science & Technology Council.

1995Member, Committee for Evaluation of Research Institutes [on behalf of General Secretariat for Research and Technology, Ministry of Commerce, Energy and Technology, Athens,Greece].

1995Visiting Professor, University of Paris, France.

1996Department of Energy, Small Business Innovation Research Program Review.

1996-97BODOSAKIS FOUNDATION, Selection Committee for Prize in Chemistry.

1997 University of Athens, Department of Physical Chemistry, Visiting Professor
(On sabbatical leave from Brookhaven National Laboratory, April-September 1997)

1997 Institute of Technology and Research, University of Crete, Irakleion, Crete

1998-99 Council for Chemical Research, Member 1999 Program Committee

2007 AXION Award, Hellenic American Professional Societies

C-4

UNIVERSITY & NATIONAL LABORATORIES PERSONAL RESEARCH FUNDING

1962-1963ARPA and Graduate Research Board (University of Maryland).

1974-1976American Petroleum Institute: Fate and Effects of Petroleum (Jointly with Rita Colwell, University of Maryland, $270 M).

1979-1982Department of Energy: Kinetics/Mechanism of Catalytic Upgrading of Coal Liquids (Jointly with B. Gates, University of Delaware, $700 M).

1980-1982Department of Energy: Fundamental Phenomena in the Depolymerization of Coal, $500 M).

1981-1984National Science Foundation: Surface Science of Synthesis Gas Catalysts (Jointly with D. Hercules, University of Pittsburgh, $430 M).

1981-1984National Science Foundation: Fundamental Studies in High Gradient Magnetic Separations (Jointly with F. Friedleander, Purdue University, $400 M).

1984-1987National Science Foundation: Investigations Involving a Novel Class of Supported Metal Catalysts (Jointly with D. Hercules, University of Pittsburgh, $500 M).

1994-98Department of Energy (ER and EM), Asbestos Remediation (>$3 million to supplement $12million W.R.Grace CRADA effort).

1998 US Department of the Navy $50k

D-1

UNIVERSITY TEACHING

Honors ChemistryUniversity of California – Berkeley (1960).

Molecular SpectroscopyGraduate Level – University of Maryland (1963).

Several In-House Seminar-CoursesAt GR&DC on Solid State, Spectroscopy, Group Theory and Analytical Chemistry (1967-1972).

Solid State and Surface ChemistryGraduate Level – Carnegie-Mellon University (1972-1973).

Spectroscopic Characterization ofGraduate Level – University of Pittsburgh (1981)
Catalytic Surfaces(Jointly with Prof. Hercules).

Solid State Chemistry Graduate Level – University of Pittsburgh (1982).

Solid State and Surface ScienceGraduate Level – University of Pittsburgh (1984) (Jointly with J. Yates and D. Hercules).

Chemistry and Catalysis forGraduate Level – University of Paris (1985).
Fossil Energy

CatalysisGuest Lecturer Prof. A. Bell’s Course at University
of California, Berkeley, (Spring 1988).

E-1

SPECIAL TRAINING

MANAGEMENT COURSES

Decision Making (1969); OSHA Orientation (1970); Minority Awareness (1972); Leadership Development (1972); Project Management (1976); Motivation (IRI, 1979); Harvard Business School, IRI 2-week Intensive Seminar (June 1981). Managing Management Time (1984).

TECHNICAL COURSES (Post Ph.D)

Group Theory in Chemistry (1964); Electron Spin Resonance (1965, ACS); Characterization of Polymers (1966, ACS); Chromatography (1967); Quantum Chemistry (1969, ACS); Chemistry of Catalytic Processes (1976, University of Delaware); Coal Characterization and Coal Utilization (1977, Penn State University).

F-1